ICPS participated in the Eastern Partnership Conference in Vienna

Expert of the International Centre for Policy Studies Yehor Kyian participated in the conference “Ten Years of EaP: Today's Achievements, Tomorrow's Goals”, which took place on May 28-29 in Vienna. The event was attended by representatives of diplomatic departments, governments and leading think-tanks in Europe. In general, all participants of the EaP Conference supported positive rhetoric and noticed significant achievements in cooperation. The Conference consisted of three closed and one public panel. Participants of the first closed panel “How to keep all stakeholders on board” tried to solve the problems of heterogeneity of the EaP countries. At the same time, the emphasis was placed on the need to avoid the “division” of the EaP countries due to their heterogeneity, but to focus on finding commonalities. The aspect of possible restrictions within the framework of the Eastern Partnership has been discussed during the closed panel “The EaP’s “external relations“ and third-party co-operation”. The emphasis was on increasing trade between countries. It was noted that it is necessary to improve cooperation not only with third parties and the EU, but also with each other within the framework of the Eastern Partnership. During the open panel discussion on general topic of the conference, the representatives of the European Commission and countries such as Austria, Romania, Belarus, Georgia and Moldova have exchanged successful experience in implementing reforms and cooperation within the framework of the Eastern Partnership. “It is not necessary to consider the entrance into the EU for the very purpose, because in implementing reforms, countries first of all improve their lives for themselves and should be interested in them,” ICPS expert Yehor Kyian conveys the ideas of one of the participants of the event. - Despite the support and assistance of the EU, some countries have observed bilateral trends - that is, not only the implementation of European values, but, on the contrary, exception to them. First of all, it is about oppression of freedom of speech and media.” During the “Transformation, approximation to EU standards and values, regional cooperation - Experiences and challenges across the wider European region” panel it was highlighted on the experience of the Balkan countries. Their representatives noted that it is necessary to give more clear benchmarks from the EU side regarding the prospects of joining. In their opinion, delaying integration processes can create internal opposition and loss of confidence / support from the public regarding accession to the EU. According to Yehor Kyian, participation in such events by the official Ukrainian delegation will allow our country to better demonstrate its position on the international arena and maintain a close dialogue with Europe....

03.06.2019

International conference “Ukraine's relations with its Western neighbors. A chance for rebooting”

On May 22, ICPS conducted an international conference devoted to the analysis of Ukraine’s policy towards V4 countries with the participation of diplomatic missions’ representatives, expert community, think tanks, representatives of the state authorities and media. The conference was organized as part of the project “Ukraine and V4 countries: promoting better understanding” with the support of the International Visegrad Fund and Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands. The International Centre for Policy Studies (ICPS) in cooperation with the experts from Poland, Hungary and Slovakia have analysed the trends of relations development in the region and presented recommendations on implementing the new neighbourhood policy between Ukraine and the countries of Visegrad Group. Ensuring good neighbourhood and stable relations between Ukraine and its Western neighbours is a necessary prerequisite for regional stability, given the existing security threats and challenges in the region. Elaboration of a new, improved approach on the relations between Ukraine and the countries of the Visegrad Group is necessary to improve and strengthen regional cooperation, as well as to prevent new divisions in the future. The experts came the conclusion that in order to limit the scale of problems in relations between Ukraine and its Western neighbours, as well as creating a more favourable environment, countries should discourage aggressive rhetoric towards one another in internal political discourses. Secondly, they should expand mutually beneficial areas of cooperation and try to develop common approaches. They should include regional security, energy security and transnational issues. Thirdly, countries should pay more attention to supporting democracy in the region. And, finally, more attention should be paid to the ways of mutual protection of ethnic minorities. In turbulent times, strong Central and Eastern Europe - in the security, economy, and social development potential - will be in the interests of not only regional states, but also Europe as a whole. The expert recommendations are entailed in a policy research “Ukraine’s neighbourhood policy towards V4 countries: promoting better understanding”....

22.05.2019

Ukraine and V4 countries: promoting better understanding. Briefing for diplomatic missions in Ukraine

International Centre for Policy Studies (ICPS) has conducted a briefing for diplomatic missions in Ukraine as part of the project “Ukraine and V4 countries: promoting better understanding”. ICPS experts presented the analysis of the current state of relations between Ukraine and the V4 countries as well as their expert recommendations on improving the neighbourhood policy of Ukraine. Ensuring good and sustainable neighborhood relations between Ukraine and its Western neighboring countries is crucial for regional stability with a view of the existing security threats and challenges in the region. Elaboration of a new updated approach towards the relations between Ukraine and its V4 neighbors is necessary to improve and strengthen regional partnership and prevent the occurrence of new contradictions in the future. A deeper understanding of mutual interests may open space for compromise and logrolling. Deteriorating regional security is a challenge for all; and cooperation with the view to restore fundamental institutions may bring more benefits rather than continuation of disputes. To achieve this it would be useful to concentrate on long-terms achievements rather than on short-term gains. Spheres of common priority, i.e. energy security, transportation and transit capabilities, security cooperation, should be given special attention. Hostile rhetoric should be discouraged at all possible levels. Strengthening democratic institutions, enhancing rule of law, protecting human rights, improving solidarity, as well as promoting tolerance may become common goals, capable of contributing into a positive agenda of relations between Ukraine and its Western neighboring countries. The project “Ukraine and V4 countries: promoting better understanding” is implemented with the support of the International Visegrad Fund and Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands....

16.05.2019

International Centre for Policy Studies starts an assessment of local/regional activities

International Centre for Policy Studies starts an assessment of local/regional activities within the framework of the project “Promoting transparency and implementation of anti-corruption measures in state-owned enterprises and local governments in Ukraine”. The initiative is carried out in partnership with the Institute for Economic and Social Reforms in Slovakia (INEKO) and is financially supported under the program “Official Development Assistance of the Slovak Republic (SlovakAid)”. The project is aimed at increasing the efficiency of public administration, local governments and civil society in the area of regional policy, state-owned enterprises, budget monitoring and openness of information of local authorities. The first edition of series of local and regional policy assessments introduced in December 2018 - March 2019 was carried out. Future evaluations will be conducted on a quarterly basis. In total, more than 20 local politicians will be assembled and streamlined by the end of the project. The main objective of the initiative is to improve the quality of regional and/or municipal regulation and legislation by publishing a regular peer review of socio-economic measures proposed or implemented by local government bodies in Ukraine. The purpose of the assessment is to describe practices that may also be applied by other administrations. Measures for evaluation were identified and analyzed with the support of the expert council, which was selected by  International Centre for Policy Studies based on their experience. Selected experts assessed the local measures and policies adopted by local and regional authorities. In total, six local and regional events are currently evaluated. Three of them are innovative and can have a significant positive impact on the economic and social development of Ukraine. We hope that this practice can promote good ideas and inspire their implementation throughout the territory of Ukraine. The evaluation can be found here: http://icps.com.ua/assets/uploads/images/images/eu/local_measures_ukraine_march_2019_.pdf...

ICPS Press
01.04.2019

Minsk Format, Budapest Plus or Anything Else?

Ways to tackle long-term effects of Russia’s aggression against Ukraine and to resolve a conflict between the two are in the focus of presidential campaign in Ukraine. But after elections are over, the issue will still remain on the top of the regional security agenda. For five years geopolitical effects of Kremlin’s aggressive decisions on Ukraine have been downgrading security architecture in Europe. This is not only a problem of Ukraine, but a common challenge. Lack of trust, application of violence, and institutional weakness are making Europe a more dangerous place.  The Minsk format, designed to contain the conflict in the East of Ukraine, has been the basic framework for managing the conflict. One thing is evident so far: it is apparently not enough. It proved helpful in containing Russian advance and freezing the conflict to a level of 100-150 battle casualties from each side annually. On the other hand, at some point it may also have become useful for making the conflict protracted, just like in a number of other post-Soviet cases. Disputed areas, separatists supported from Kremlin, Russian interference are common features of a geopolitical landscape in this part of the world. Seen as instruments for advancing Russia’s geopolitical interests, these conflicts, however, are often utilized by local elites for mobilizing internal and foreign support. But that is a risky game: benefits of that kind are covered by long-term security expenses. Frozen conflicts not only undermine security of home countries for decades, but also affect neighboring countries, which have to share the risks. So far there hasn’t been any reason to believe that Minsk format would be able to resolve the conflict in the East of Ukraine. A stalemate of Minsk raises the issue of possible alternatives. One of them has always been around: breaking away from the agreement. Supported by hardliners in Ukraine, this option could hardly improve the country’s chances in struggling against Russia and at the same time places international sanctions against Russia under threat. Ukraine remains a weaker side to an asymmetric conflict, which means that a bad agreement is usually better than no agreement at all. Another alternative has recently appeared on the agenda of Yulia Tymoshenko, one of the favorites of the presidential campaign in Ukraine. It is called “Budapest Plus”, referring to the Budapest memorandum of 1994, according to which Ukraine got security assurances in exchange for giving away its nuclear weapons. The main idea behind Budapest Plus is to engage the US, the Great Britain, France, China, Germany and the EU into an extended format, which would replace Minsk as a principal tool for conflict resolution. There are at least two advantages such a format could bring about. First, a military conflict in Donbas is a part of a broader problem, which is security deficit in Eastern Europe. For various reasons, the region is facing elevated security risks. This is a problem for many, not just for Ukraine. Expanding a circle of mediators would follow the simple fact that states do care. Moreover, Russia’s actions against Ukraine have damaged mutual trust so much, that now it seems that bilateral issues can be approached only within a broader task of rebuilding security in Europe. This is something major powers can take care about. Secondly, Budapest Plus may help not only increase pressure on Russia, but also to create a more favorable framework for Ukraine to deal with Russia in the long run, in particular over the issue of occupied Crimea. Along with providing Ukraine with more leverage, a broadened format could also be more effective in restoring elements of world order, ruined by Russia’s decision to occupy Crimea in 2014. In the end most countries would benefit from restoration of international institutions, recharging of international law, and return of justice. Reference to Budapest memorandum underlines a connection between Ukrainian security and durability of non-proliferation regime, something most major powers are especially interested in. Getting major powers on board would be hard – probably, the most challenging part of Tymoshenko’s plan. However, it doesn’t seem impossible. Europeans are already in, they just need to be persuaded to get a bit more involved – and get more security on their eastern borders in return. China is expanding its cooperation with Eastern Europe. Even though Ukraine is not taking part in the 16+1 format, the country’s instability and military standoff with Russia is negatively affecting the region in general, especially in areas which are priorities for China: infrastructure and energy. If Beijing wants more presence and more influence in Eastern Europe, it has to consider bigger responsibility for security concerns. The US strategic goal of deterring Russian revisionism would play in Ukraine’s favor. However, Kyiv must be very precise in calculating its value as an ally for the US. Americans don’t seem to be willing to engage at any terms. Ukraine will have to increase its credibility and effectiveness. That could be seen as a part of preparatory work for launching Budapest Plus. Approaches to dealing with the conflict in Donbas can surely be modified and expanded. But they have to bear two key components to be effective: mechanism for compensating Ukraine’s weakness against Russia and a way to include risks Ukraine is facing into a broader security agenda in Europe. Author: Mykola Kapitonenko...

27.03.2019